Swiss Biohealth

The Swiss Biohealth Clinic is your specialist for the CMD disease and its treatment in Switzerland!

Diagnosis jaw malposition: craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD)

Jaw-cracking, neck pain, headaches? Various symptoms can be attributed to craniomandibular dysfunction (in short: CMD). The term craniomandibular dysfunction describes defective regulations of the function of the muscles of mastication or mandibular joints. The CMD disorder is a widespread clinical picture, but in many cases it is not recognized by physicians. Patients often suffer for years until they receive the diagnosis of CMD from a specialist and can start the CMD therapy.

CMD therapy for jaw-cracking, headaches or a stiff neck

Contact us for an appointment for CMD diagnostics.

CMD disorder: symptoms and ailments

Patients suffering from the CMD disease often have many other symptoms that cannot be directly attributed to the jaw and its malposition. CMD does not just cause pain in the mandibular join but can also lead to the following symptoms and ailments:

  • headaches/tension headaches
  • tinnitus
  • vertigo attacks
  • dental problems like toothache or teeth grinding
  • pain around the ear
  • eye complaints/visual disturbances
  • shoulder and neck complaints
  • back pain
  • knee problems
  • restricted mouth opening
  • stress in the everyday life

What causes craniomandibular dysfunction?

The chewing apparatus is a complex system which must be extremely mobile in order to properly chew and speak. Teeth, jaw joints and jaw musculature should normally work together. However, if a disorder occurs, a malposition of the jaw develops which leads to further complaints.

A disorder can occur if a patient grinds their teeth at night and clenches the teeth too tightly. This is also known as “bruxism” and is a physiological reaction to reduce stress. Accidents and defective dental treatments can promote or trigger CMD, too.

Craniomandibular dysfunction treatment at the Swiss Biohealth Clinic

If you are diagnosed with craniomandibular dysfunction or should there be any suspicion of the CMD disorder, the team at our CMD clinic can help.

At the Swiss Biohealth Clinic in Switzerland you receive an individual neurological examination. If we discover a mandibular joint disease, we can start with a treatment of the dysfunction of the jaw. The clinical picture is treated by special processes developed over many years according to the biological guidelines of the Swiss Biohealth Concepts.

If you are diagnosed with CMD, dental treatment is one of the most important parts of the CMD therapy. A healthy oral environment is the groundwork of a profound healing.

Dr. Markus Spalek

Dr. Markus Spalek is your specialist for CMD

Dr. Markus Spalek is specialized in craniomandibular dysfunction and accompanies you from the diagnosis to the CMD therapy.

Frequently asked questions about the CMD disease and CMD therapy

What is the functional analysis?

The functional analysis is part of the CMD diagnostics. Various malpositions, the chewing muscles, the occlusal position and the temporomandibular joints are analyzed and examined by the dentist to detect the smallest changes and dysfunctions. The ensuing CMD therapy is based on the functional analysis.

CMD and headaches – what is the correlation?

For persons suffering from CMD, headaches are often the main symptom. It is the so-called tension headache, which starts at the back of the head and radiates into the shoulder and neck area. Patients also often perceive the pain as facial pain. Due to the incorrect strain of the temporomandibular joints, the adjacent musculature and the surrounding tissue are more heavily strained as well, which leads to tension and ultimately to tension headache.

How common is craniomandibular dysfunction?

CMD is not a rare disease. According to the Gesellschaft für Zahngesundheit, Funktion und Ästhetik (GZFA) (Association for dental health, function and aesthetic), 20% of the population are suffering from CMD symptoms that require treatment. Concerning the craniomandibular dysfunction, the specialist media already speaks of a new widespread disease. The age groups of 18 to 45 are particularly affected by CMD, with women twice as often as men. Children and adolescents increasingly show symptoms, too.